Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement Requirements

December 20020

1. Website

A. The official web site of China and WTO Review is:

B “Aims & Scope”
China and WTO Review (CWR) is dedicated to addressing critical law and policy questions regarding China and the World Trade Organization. CWR encompasses eminent academic papers and case reports comprehensively analyzing trade law and policy in a wide range of areas including dispute settlement proceedings involving China from a proactive viewpoint of international and comparative law, legal economics and policy. In addition, to the extent relevant to WTO covered agreements (or other trade accords for that matter), the Review deals with foreign investment, copyrights and other trade-related issues. It welcomes the contribution from China and around the world. Expected readers are international law scholars, practitioners, diplomats, foreign policymakers, research fellows and students.

C. Readership
China and WTO Review is primarily for international law scholars, practitioners, diplomats, foreign policymakers, research fellows, Sinologists and students. International law scholars can get a variety of data for education; diplomats and foreign policymakers can access to the practical ideas for their legal and diplomatic practice. Students can understand the recent trends of international law.

D. Authorship
Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to analysis, interpretation and theoretical implications of international law; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved. Every author should meet all of these four conditions. After the initial submission of a manuscript, any changes whatsoever in authorship (adding author(s), deleting author(s), or re-arranging the order of authors) must be explained by a letter to the editor from the authors concerned. This letter must be signed by all authors of the paper. Copyright assignment must also be completed by every author. Corresponding author and first author: China and WTO Review does not allow multiple corresponding authors for one article. Only one author should correspond with the editorial office and readers for one article. CWR does accept notice of equal contribution for the first author when the study was clearly performed by co-first authors. Correction of authorship after publication: CWR does not correct authorship after publication unless a mistake has been made by the editorial staff. Authorship may be changed before publication but after submission when an authorship correction is requested by all of the authors involved with the manuscript.

E. Duplicate Submission and Redundant Publication
Submitted manuscripts must not have been previously published or be under consideration for publication elsewhere. No part of the accepted manuscript should be duplicated in any other academic journal without the permission of the Editorial Board. Submitted manuscripts are screened for possible plagiarism or duplicate publication by CrossCheck upon arrival. If plagiarism or duplicate publication related to the papers of CWR is detected, the manuscripts may be rejected; the authors will be announced in CWR; and their institutions will be informed. There will also be penalties for the authors. A letter of permission is required for any and all material that has been published previously. The author is responsible for requesting permission from the publisher for any material that is being reproduced. This requirement applies to text, figures, and tables.

F: pISSN: 2383-8221 / eISSN: 2384-4388

2. Name of the journal

The official journal title is China and WTO Review. Abbreviated title is CWR.

3. Peer review process

China and WTO Review reviews all manuscripts received. A manuscript is first reviewed for its format and adherence to the aims and scope of CWR. If the manuscript meets these two criteria, it is dispatched to investigators in the field with relevant knowledge. Assuming the manuscript is sent to reviewers, CWR receives opinions from at least two reviewers. Once a draft article is received, the general editor will consult with the editors to decide if the draft is consistent with CWR’s policies. If the draft is deemed reviewable, the general editor in cooperation with editorial board members forms an editorial chamber. The chamber is composed of both inner-board members and outside expert(s) in order to review the article fairly, independently and professionally. The general editor will contact the (corresponding) author and at least two reviewers in the course of reviewing the draft. If the reviewers agree to publish the article, it will be published in due course. The general editor fully respects the opinions of the reviewers. The general editor, if the draft is selected for publication, will make a Grant of License Agreement (GOL) with the author and will provide further information on the publication process.

4. Ownership and Management

A. The Ownership
China and WTO Review is owned by YIJUN Press and YIJUN Institute of International law.

B. Management

- General Manager: Eric Yong Joong Lee, Dongguk University, Korea
- Review Process Manager: Jaemin Lee, Seoul National University, Korea
- Ethics Editor: Yun Zhao, University of Hong Kong
- Manuscript Editor: Ramya Ramachanderan (White & Case LLP, USA)
- Layout Editor: Min Sung, Shin Young Agency Ltd., Korea
- Website Producers: Sung Won Kim (Eruma Co.), Korea
- Administrative Manager: Ji Hee Suh (Hanmi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Seoul), Korea

5. Governing Body

The governing body is the editorial board of CWR.

6. Contact Information

General Editor: Eric Yong Joong Lee
8, Achasan-ro 62-gil, Gwangjin-gu #402 (Taejin Suite) Seoul 05047 Korea

7. Copyright and Licensing

A. Copyright Policy
Copyrights of all published materials are owned by the YIJUN Press / YIJUN Institute of International Law. Permission must be obtained from YIJUN Press for any commercial use of materials. Every author should sign the Grant of License Agreement.

B. Licensing Information
CWR is an open-access academic magazine distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial license, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited for non-commercial purpose (

C. Deposit Policy
According to the deposit policy (self-archiving policy) of Sherpa/Romeo (, authors cannot archive pre-print (i.e. pre-refereeing), but they can archive post-print (i.e. final draft post-refereeing). Authors can archive publisher’s version/PDF.

8. Author Fees

Neither page charge, article processing fee nor submission fee will be applied. It is the platinum open access journal.

9. Process for identifying and dealing with allegations of research misconduct

When China and WTO Review faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct such as redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fraudulent or fabricated data, changes in authorship, an undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problems with a submitted manuscript, a reviewer who has appropriated an author’s idea or data, complaints against editors, and so on, the resolution process will follow the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics ( The discussion and decision on the suspected cases are carried out by the Editorial Board.

10. Publication Ethics

A. How the journal will handle complaints and appeals?
The policy of China and WTO Review is primarily aimed at protecting the authors, reviewers, editors, and the publisher of CWR. Unless described below, the process of handling complaints and appeals follows the guidelines of the Committee of Publication Ethics available from:

B. Who complains or makes an appeal?
Submitters, authors, reviewers, and readers may register complaints and appeals in a variety of cases as follows: falsification, fabrication, plagiarism, duplicate publication, authorship dispute, conflict of interest, ethical treatment of animals, informed consent, bias or unfair/inappropriate competitive acts, copyright, stolen data, defamation, and legal problem. If any individuals or institutions want to inform the cases, they can send a letter to editor. For the complaints or appeals, concrete data with answers to all factual questions (who, when, where, what, how, why) should be provided.

C. Who is responsible to resolve and handle complaints and appeals?
The General Editor, Editorial Board, or Editorial Staff is responsible for them.

D. What may be the consequence of remedy?
It depends on the type or degree of misconduct. The consequence of resolution will follow the guidelines of the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE).

E. CWR’s Policies on Conflicts of Interest / Competing Interests
The corresponding author must inform the editor of any potential conflicts of interest that could influence the authors’ interpretation of the data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest are financial support from or connections to companies, political pressure from interest groups, and academically related issues. All sources of funding applicable to the study should be explicitly stated.

F. Open Data Policy
For clarification on result accuracy and reproducibility of the results, raw data or analysis data will be deposited to a public repository (e.g., Harvard Dataverse: after acceptance of the manuscript. Submission of the raw data or analysis data is mandatory. If the data is already a public one, its URL site or sources should be disclosed. If data cannot be publicized, it can be negotiated with the general editor. If there are any inquiries on depositing data, authors should contact the editorial office.

G. Ethical Oversight
When China and WTO Review faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct such as a redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fabricated data, changes in authorship, undisclosed conflicts of interest, an ethical problem discovered with the submitted manuscript, a reviewer who has appropriated an author’s idea or data, complaints against editors, and other issues, the resolving process will follow the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics ( The Editorial Board will discuss the suspected cases and reach a decision. Errata, corrigenda, clarifications, retractions, and apologies should be instantly published when needed.

H. Intellectual Property Policy
All published papers become the permanent property of YIJUN Press / YIJUN Institute of International Law. Copyrights of all published materials are owned by YIJUN Press.

I. Options for Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections
The post-publication discussion is available through letter to editor. If any readers have a concern on any articles published, they can submit letter to editor on the articles. In case of any errors or mistakes in the article, it can be corrected through errata, corrigenda, or retraction.

11. Publishing Schedule
CWR is to be published semi-annually. Supplement issues may be published.

12. Access
CWR is an open access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

13. Archiving

CWR is accessible without barrier from Web of Science (Emerging Sources Citation Index) and Korea Scholar(

14. Revenue

Revenue sources of CWR were from the support of publisher (YIJUN Press), the Korea Government’s support, and advertising rates.

15. Advertising

China and WTO Review accepts advertisements on the following basis: All products or services should be safe and reliable, and not cause any harm to social justice and human rights. Any individuals or organizations who are interested in advertising their products or services in the print copies of China and WTO Review or on its website are encouraged to contact the editorial office. The acceptance of advertisement will be discussed by the editorial board and ultimately approved by YIJUN Press. Neither the publisher nor the authors will be legally liable for any of the content of advertisements. Readers must keep this in mind when reading or seeing advertisements.

16. Marketing

CWR propagation has been done through the website and distribution of an introduction pamphlet. Invitations to submit a manuscript are usually focused on the presenters at conferences, seminars, or workshops if the topic is related to CWR’s aims and scope.