CWR > Volume 8(2); 2022 > Current Development
Research Article
Published online: September 1, 2022

Ban of Cryptocurrencies in China and Judicial Practice of Chinese Courts

Aleksandr P. Alekseenko
Saint-Petersburg University
7-9, Universitetskaya nab., St. Petersburg, 199034, Russian Federation.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distrJuvenile Offenders in Community Corrections: A Systemic Look at Risk Evaluation Methods to Implement UN Resolutions under the Chinese Legal Systemibution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


There are different approaches worldwide on how to regulate cryptocurrency: legalization, partial ban, or absolute ban. China has chosen the third option. Since 2013 the PRC has been introducing restrictive measures targeting ICO, Bitcoin and other cryptocurrency activities. In 2022 it finalized the formation of a legal framework for cryptocurrency regulation by publishing “Judicial Interpretation on Illegal Fundraising Criminal Cases.” The main reasons for the prohibitive Chinese approach are combating money laundering, ICO related scams, and illegal financing, i.e., public interest prevails over private interests. An analysis of the judicial practice of Chinese courts demonstrates that despite a rising number of cryptocurrency related civil disputes, plaintiffs are deprived of judicial protection because investing in digital financial assets is illegal and the rights of investors are not legitimate. The paper argues that a cryptocurrency ban makes it impossible to satisfy claims concerning illegal fundraising activities, while encouraging investors not to have any relations with illegal agents, brokers or exchanges.

Keywords : Peoples Court of China, Bitcoin, Cryptocurrency, Money Laundering, ICO

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