CWR > Volume 6(1); 2020 > Current Development
Research Paper
Published online: March 1, 2020

China’s Evolving Role in Developing the WTO Dispute Settlement Rules

Ximei Wu & Sadiya S. Silvee
Zhengzhou University
Room 505, Unit 1, Building 5, Yuhua Manyuan, Gaoxin District, Zhengzhou, Henan 450001, P.R. China.
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Since its accession to the WTO in 2001, China has been involved in 21 cases as complainant, 44 as respondent, and 179 as a third party. However, China-related cases have not overburdened the WTO dispute settlement system. Instead, China has assisted in the development of international trade law through the creative interpretations of different provisions achieved in the WTO dispute settlement proceedings. This article seeks to provide an overview of China’s participation in the WTO dispute settlement mechanism and contribution to the rules over the past decade. In doing so, the article not only highlights the jurisprudential and doctrinal contributions of some of the critical disputes, but also examines the role of various interest groups and stakeholders in shaping China’s dispute settlement activity. Overall, the article provides an overview of China’s WTO dispute settlement activities and its role in assisting the development of international trade law.

Keywords : Anti-Dumping Measures, China Accession Protocol, Tariff Concessions, SPS measures , WTO Dispute Settlement Mechanism

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