CWR > Volume 2(1); 2016 > Current Developments
Research Paper
Published online: March 1, 2016

Evolving Strategy: South-South Coalition in the GATT/WTO

Fan Yang
Xiamen University School of Law
422 South Siming Road, 361005, Xiamen City, Fujian Province, P.R. China
Corresponding Author:

ⓒ Copyright YIJUN Institute of International Law. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This research offers a concise retrospect on the South-South Coalition Strategy within multilateral trade negotiations of the GATT/WTO framework. The SSC strategy was naturally bred in the postwar era, when the South integrated itself to demand for a New International Economic Order featured by fairness of outcome in international economic rules and activities. It then encountered an opponent trend of neo-liberalism, through which the South practically decided to sectoral exchange of economic interests with the North. From the new millennium onward, the South is learning to adopt a more issue-specific SSC strategy in trade negotiations. Although a question is arising for the future of SSC because of some emerging nations rising out from the traditional South group, a timely reflection from an evolutionary perspective would facilitate the understanding of the SSC strategy for weak countries to establish a fairer international economic order.

Keywords : South-South Coalition, GATT, WTO, Trade Negotiation, Neo-liberalism, The North, The South

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